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Pediatric Dentistry - Dental Care for Infants and Kids

“Vajradanti” – In Indian context “Vajra refers to Diamond” and “Danti refers to the Teeth”. Wow, it is an amazing feeling to have teeth strong like a diamond. Every individual would like to have healthy, white and strong teeth as it enhances the beauty of smile thus enhancing the facial beauty.

In earlier days, we used Neem sticks to clean our teeth. People used to have simple and healthy diet. In the current world, the variety of food has occupied our diet. Junk foods, sweets and savories are leading in our diet. Especially children become blissful as they get more attracted to too much sugar through chocolates; soda; pastries and so on. So isn’t it important to take a good oral care?

Come, let us delve into so called Pediatric Dentistry:

‘Pediatric Dentistry’ formerly ‘Pedodontics’ is a branch of dentistry dealing with children from birth to adolescence. Pediatric dentists promote the dental health of children as well as serve as educational resources for parents.

Oswal Dental & Oral Surgery Clinic is one of the clinics in Pune who specializes in Pediatric Dentistry providing good service. This is the only Dental clinic in India, which is Dr. BRILL certified.

It is recommended that a dental visit should occur within six months after the presence of the first tooth or by a child’s first birthday. It is important to establish a comprehensive and accessible ongoing relationship between the dentist and patient – referring to this as the patient’s “dental home”.

Why Pediatric Dentist to be visited at regular intervals?

To have an early oral examination that aids in the detection of the early stages of tooth decay. Early detection is essential to maintain oral health, modify unusual habits, and treat as needed and as simply as possible.

Parents are given a program of preventative home care like -

  • Brushing
  • Flossing
  • Fluorides
  • Caries risk assessment
  • Information on finger, thumb, and pacifier habits,
  • Advice on preventing injuries to the mouth and teeth of children,
  • Diet counseling, and information on growth and development of teeth.

Oral Health Problems in children and infant:

1. Baby Bottle Tooth Decay :

Also called early childhood caries, nursing caries and nursing bottle syndrome. Occurs when a baby’s teeth are in frequent contact with sugars from liquid carbohydrates, such as fruit juices, milk, fruit juice diluted with water, sugar water or any other sweet drink. Human breast milk can cause tooth decay as well. As these liquids break down in the mouth into simple sugars and are allowed to sit in the mouth, bacteria start feeding on the sugars, causing tooth decay.

2. Thumb Sucking:

It is normal and healthy for infants to suck their thumbs, fingers, pacifiers or toys. Object sucking gives children a sense of emotional security and comfort. However, if thumb sucking continues beyond the age of 5 — when the permanent teeth begin to come in — dental problems may occur. Depending on the frequency, intensity, and duration of the sucking, the teeth can be pushed out of alignment, causing them to protrude and create an overbite. The child may also have difficulty with the correct pronunciation of words. In addition, the upper and lower jaws can become misaligned and the roof of the mouth might become malformed.

3. Tongue Thrusting :

Tongue thrusting is the habit of sealing the mouth for swallowing by thrusting the tip of the tongue forward against the lips. Just like thumb sucking, tongue thrusting exerts pressure against the front teeth, pushing them out of alignment which causes them to protrude, creating an overbite and possibly interfering with proper speech development.

4. Lip Sucking:

Lip sucking involves repeatedly holding the lower lip beneath the upper front teeth. Sucking of the lower lip may occur by itself or in combination with thumb sucking. This practice results in an overbite and the same kinds of problems as discussed with thumb sucking and tongue thrusting.

5. Early Tooth Loss

Premature loss of a child’s primary teeth typically occurs due to tooth decay, injury, or lack of jaw space. If teeth are lost before the permanent teeth emerge, the nearby teeth can shift into the space now unoccupied. When a permanent tooth tries to emerge into its space, there may not be enough room. The new tooth may emerge tilted. Crooked or misaligned teeth can cause a range of problems from interfering with proper chewing.

Not only children or infants, adults too, come across dental problems. Maintaining good oral hygiene is one of the most important things you can do for your teeth and gums. Healthy teeth not only enable you to look and feel good, they make it possible to eat and speak properly.

So many toothpastes are on the market today, choosing one can be confusing. When buying toothpaste for your child, look for one that contains fluoride and tastes good. Some toothpastes also are approved by the American Dental Association (ADA). The ADA Seal of Acceptance means that the toothpaste’s manufacturer has proven that the toothpaste is safe and effective. Also care should be taken that children should use a small pea size amount of toothpaste and it is to spit out and not swallowed. All children should use toothbrushes with soft nylon bristles

Healthy Oral care! Prettiest smile of your child!

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