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Effective Treatment of Various Dental Problems by Dentist in Special Needs Child

Pediatric Dentist Pune

Special needs children can have unique issues when it comes to caring of their teeth, mouth and gums. Children with special needs require special care when planning their dental treatment. They face a greater risk as far as the dental problems are concerned. It is very important to practice good oral health care as far as special needs children are concerned.

Oswal Dental & Oral Surgery Clinic has a team of dedicated pediatric dentists in Pune who have been effectively treating special needs children. They are of the opinion that children with special needs require special considerations when their dental treatment is planned. The basic skills required by a dentist to treat special needs children should include the following:
1. A complete knowledge of the medical conditions of the child which will enable them to apply the proper treatment option.
2. Knowledge of the implications of the oral health like gingival hyperplasia in patients with seizure disorder or periodontal disease in children with Down syndrome.
3. Awareness of the cultural, social and therapeutic surroundings with regards to those children with special needs.
4. Appropriate and essential management skills in order to stabilize, communicate and manage these patients during the course of the treatment.

Here is a guide to the different oral conditions in special needs children and also the treatment that is given by the dental doctors in Pune.

Oral Development

Tooth Eruption: Special needs children may have inconsistent, delayed or accelerated tooth eruption. The gums may appear bluish purple or red before the eruption of the teeth. Tooth eruption depends on the following

• Growth of the jaw
• Genetics
• Muscular action
• Other factors
It is noticed that tooth eruption in children with Down syndrome can be delayed up to 2 years.
Dental Treatment: Information about the variability in the pattern of tooth eruptions should be provided to the care giver and parent.

Malocclusion: In special needs children poor fit between the lower and upper teeth and crowding of teeth may occur. Muscle dysfunction leads to malocclusion especially in children with cerebral palsy. Crowded or misalignment of teeth causes difficulty in cleaning. This contributes to dental caries and periodontal disease.

Dental Treatment: This can be handled by a pediatric dentist or an orthodontist for evaluation and specialized instruction with regards to the oral hygiene.

Tooth anomalies: These are variations in the shape, size and number of teeth. Children with Down syndrome, ectodermal dysplasia, oral clefts or other conditions may experience extra, misaligned or missing teeth.

Dental Treatment: It is very important to consult a dentist for proper dental planning treatment during the child’s growing years.

Developmental defects: This refers to the appearance of lines, discoloration or pits in the teeth. High fever or certain medication can tend to disturb the formation of tooth which will result in tooth defects. Defected teeth make cleaning difficult and also may compromise its appearance. This will lead to dental caries.

Dental Treatment: An oral health care provider will evaluate the various treatment options to overcome the defects and will also advice the ways in keeping the child’s teeth clean.
Oral Trauma

Trauma: People who have abnormal protective reflexes, improper muscle coordination, seizures or intellectual disability may experience trauma to the face and mouth.

Dental Treatment: The dentist will counsel the caregiver or the parent on the ways to prevent and the trauma and what needs to be done when it occurs. It is best advised that if a tooth is broken or avulsed, the patient and the tooth has to be taken immediately to the dentist.

Bruxism: This refers to the habitual grinding of teeth and is frequently seen in children with severe intellectual disability or cerebral palsy. In extreme cases, bruxism will also lead to flat biting surfaces and tooth abrasion.

Dental Treatment: It is ideal to refer to a dentist who will evaluate the problem. The dentist might recommend a bite guard or behavioral techniques.

Oral Infections

Dental Caries: This refers to tooth decay and may be linked to the following:
• Gastro esophageal reflux
• Frequent vomiting
• Less than normal amounts of saliva
• Special diets which require prolonged snacking or bottle feeding

Dental Treatment: The dentist will counsel the caregiver or parent on oral hygiene which will include rinsing frequently with plain water, using fluoride containing toothpaste or using mouth rinse. The will also explain the need for supervising children to avoid children swallowing fluoride. In certain cases a gastroenterologist will also be referred for prevention of any infections and also the treatment. Sugarless medication will also be prescribed.

Periodontal (gum) disease: This can occur in children with connective tissue disorders, impaired immune systems or inadequate oral hygiene. It is a severe infection and will lead to loss of tooth if not treated.

Dental Treatment: The dentist will treat this disease by professional cleaning, antibiotics and instructions about home care to stop the infection. Brushing twice daily and flossing is a must. In some cases frequent sitting with an oral health care provider will also be required.

Gingival Overgrowth: This is side effect which is caused by certain medications. Also, poor oral hygiene will aggravate the condition leading to superimposed infections. This will result in severe overgrowth which can affect chewing, tooth eruption and appearance of tooth.

Dental Treatment: Frequent visits to the dentists will be required wherein a preventive regimen of antimicrobial rinses will be done.

Tips for the dentist while treating a special needs child
• It is always ideal to take time to listen and talk to both the caregivers and the parents.
• Advice the parents and caregivers to seek dental consultation before or not later than the child’s first birthday.
• The dentist needs to seek advice on behavior management techniques and early intervention.
• Thorough evaluation and proper treatment of the orthodontic problems is required in order to minimize any complication or risk.
• Advise the caregivers and parents to follow good oral hygiene and avoid serving snacks at bed time.
It is very important for both the health care providers and the dentists to effectively handle the problems of the special needs child with patience, love and care.

Why To Choose A Pediatric Dentist

pediatric dentist pune

Every dentist can treat children. But when you need the perfect dental care for your child from a dentist who specialized in children’s oral health, then choosing a Pediatric dentist Pune can be of great help to you. A pediatric dentist is trained to deal with kids. They are able to handle kids who are scared to visit a dental clinic. Since they are given the right training to handle kids, they are aware of the methods of handling kids the right manner.

While searching for a dentist for your kid, you have to understand the fact that to give your child the perfect smile is very important. The oral treatment for your child includes cleaning, monthly dental check-ups, filling and lots others. While choosing dentists for children make sure they get a good experience and never fear a dental treatment in future. If the dentist whom you choose is not experienced with dealing with kids, then this can cause a great lot of troubles for your child.

A good pediatric dentist Pune will be skilled in dealing with children, giving them the right treatment without being a terror to them and also deals with their parents in the right manner. Certain pediatric dental clinics offer fun activities for children, which can distract them a lot. A pediatric dentist also makes sure that the kids are offered gifts after the treatment.

It is extremely essential for kids to be in a friendly atmosphere while in a dental clinic. Hence the dentist must equip the clinic with kids magazines, music and other fun activities so that each time they think about a dental checkup, they will not be scared or bored.

A skilled pediatric dentist will always be friendly with kids and make them feel comfortable. They enquire about the dental problems with care and love. Dealing things the light manner is extremely essential when you deal with kids. If your child has a dental problem due the unhealthy oral habits, and if the dentist gets cross seeing it, then the child will never wish to visit any dental clinic again. Hence it is extremely essential to handle matter the right way. A good dentist gives the right advice on how to care for the teeth and how to be careful while consuming unhealthy food.

A lot of pediatric dental clinics are available in the city of Pune. But finding the best Pediatric dentist Pune is a real hard task. It would always be preferable to take the advice of those parents who are satisfied with the dental treatments given to their kids. Hence enquiring your friends and relatives is extremely essential to get to know who the best dental doctors for kids are, in the city. Bringing a smile on the faces of your kids is essential. This is the reason why most parents take a good amount of effort while choosing the best pediatric dentist.

A good dentist such as Oswal Dental has the skills to successfully deal with children, give them the perfect treatment and make them approach a dental treatment without any fears in future.

Pediatric Dentistry - Dental Care for Infants and Kids

“Vajradanti” – In Indian context “Vajra refers to Diamond” and “Danti refers to the Teeth”. Wow, it is an amazing feeling to have teeth strong like a diamond. Every individual would like to have healthy, white and strong teeth as it enhances the beauty of smile thus enhancing the facial beauty.

In earlier days, we used Neem sticks to clean our teeth. People used to have simple and healthy diet. In the current world, the variety of food has occupied our diet. Junk foods, sweets and savories are leading in our diet. Especially children become blissful as they get more attracted to too much sugar through chocolates; soda; pastries and so on. So isn’t it important to take a good oral care?

Come, let us delve into so called Pediatric Dentistry:

‘Pediatric Dentistry’ formerly ‘Pedodontics’ is a branch of dentistry dealing with children from birth to adolescence. Pediatric dentists promote the dental health of children as well as serve as educational resources for parents.

Oswal Dental & Oral Surgery Clinic is one of the clinics in Pune who specializes in Pediatric Dentistry providing good service. This is the only Dental clinic in India, which is Dr. BRILL certified.

It is recommended that a dental visit should occur within six months after the presence of the first tooth or by a child’s first birthday. It is important to establish a comprehensive and accessible ongoing relationship between the dentist and patient – referring to this as the patient’s “dental home”.

Why Pediatric Dentist to be visited at regular intervals?

To have an early oral examination that aids in the detection of the early stages of tooth decay. Early detection is essential to maintain oral health, modify unusual habits, and treat as needed and as simply as possible.

Parents are given a program of preventative home care like -

  • Brushing
  • Flossing
  • Fluorides
  • Caries risk assessment
  • Information on finger, thumb, and pacifier habits,
  • Advice on preventing injuries to the mouth and teeth of children,
  • Diet counseling, and information on growth and development of teeth.

Oral Health Problems in children and infant:

1. Baby Bottle Tooth Decay :

Also called early childhood caries, nursing caries and nursing bottle syndrome. Occurs when a baby’s teeth are in frequent contact with sugars from liquid carbohydrates, such as fruit juices, milk, fruit juice diluted with water, sugar water or any other sweet drink. Human breast milk can cause tooth decay as well. As these liquids break down in the mouth into simple sugars and are allowed to sit in the mouth, bacteria start feeding on the sugars, causing tooth decay.

2. Thumb Sucking:

It is normal and healthy for infants to suck their thumbs, fingers, pacifiers or toys. Object sucking gives children a sense of emotional security and comfort. However, if thumb sucking continues beyond the age of 5 — when the permanent teeth begin to come in — dental problems may occur. Depending on the frequency, intensity, and duration of the sucking, the teeth can be pushed out of alignment, causing them to protrude and create an overbite. The child may also have difficulty with the correct pronunciation of words. In addition, the upper and lower jaws can become misaligned and the roof of the mouth might become malformed.

3. Tongue Thrusting :

Tongue thrusting is the habit of sealing the mouth for swallowing by thrusting the tip of the tongue forward against the lips. Just like thumb sucking, tongue thrusting exerts pressure against the front teeth, pushing them out of alignment which causes them to protrude, creating an overbite and possibly interfering with proper speech development.

4. Lip Sucking:

Lip sucking involves repeatedly holding the lower lip beneath the upper front teeth. Sucking of the lower lip may occur by itself or in combination with thumb sucking. This practice results in an overbite and the same kinds of problems as discussed with thumb sucking and tongue thrusting.

5. Early Tooth Loss

Premature loss of a child’s primary teeth typically occurs due to tooth decay, injury, or lack of jaw space. If teeth are lost before the permanent teeth emerge, the nearby teeth can shift into the space now unoccupied. When a permanent tooth tries to emerge into its space, there may not be enough room. The new tooth may emerge tilted. Crooked or misaligned teeth can cause a range of problems from interfering with proper chewing.

Not only children or infants, adults too, come across dental problems. Maintaining good oral hygiene is one of the most important things you can do for your teeth and gums. Healthy teeth not only enable you to look and feel good, they make it possible to eat and speak properly.

So many toothpastes are on the market today, choosing one can be confusing. When buying toothpaste for your child, look for one that contains fluoride and tastes good. Some toothpastes also are approved by the American Dental Association (ADA). The ADA Seal of Acceptance means that the toothpaste’s manufacturer has proven that the toothpaste is safe and effective. Also care should be taken that children should use a small pea size amount of toothpaste and it is to spit out and not swallowed. All children should use toothbrushes with soft nylon bristles

Healthy Oral care! Prettiest smile of your child!

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