Wisdom Tooth: Pain, Causes and Cures

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Wisdom tooth is the third last molars on both sides of lower and upper jaws. They are last on the bench of teeth crowd to erupt. They appear in the early twenties or sometimes in late teen. But sometimes wisdom teeth don’t get emerge fully, they partially come and sometimes crooked as well which causes the pain and infection. Now, let’s understand the pain, cause, and cure for wisdom tooth in detail.

1. Causes of Pain in Wisdom Tooth:

The main reason for wisdom teeth pain is that it is infected. As they are positioned in the upper and lower molars of the jaw which allows the left food particles to easily get into the wisdom tooth, which is partially erupted or may not be erupted at all and allows that area to get infected. Reasons are:
A tooth which is impacted have the open areas where left food particles can get stuck. As infected tooth has a fissure and is deep this allows the food particles to set easily into them. Slowly as they start getting rotten, the bacterial infection starts in that area. An infection is not limited only to that area, but gradually it starts impacting the neighboring tooth, bone, and gums resulting severe pain and swelling.
Pain caused is not limited to mouth only and passes to the neck, eyes, and to the temples. Sometimes wisdom teeth get erupted in the wrong position which affects and push the other adjourning teeth which also causes severe pain.

2. How to get relief from or cure wisdom teeth pain?

Do we really need to remove wisdom tooth? The answer is “Yes, extraction is the only and best option if the pain is unbearable and severe. But first, you should visit your dentist to have a proper check up done as it may be possible that infection can be cured. Until the time you visit your dentist and get the medication done, there are certain ways or natural home remedies that can be tried to get some relief from the wisdom tooth pain and which are as follows:
Take some medicines in consultation with your doctor; don’t decide yourself, such as ibuprofen, paracetamol, hydrocodine, and codeine.
You can use cold wet towels or ice packs to compress the infected area as they help to reduce pain.
You can use garlic as it has a therapeutic essence which helps to reduce inflammation, pain, and swelling. It also has antibacterial properties which help to reduce bacterial growth in the infected area. Put a fresh garlic clove over the infected tooth and slowly bite to coat the infected tooth with its juice, this will help to reduce pain.
Other natural remedies include ginger, black tea, wheat grass, and clove oil which have natural properties to fight against inflammation, pain, and swelling of the wisdom tooth.
Keep the infected area free and clean. Do gargle with normal plain water as mouthwashes are alcohol based and can cause the inflammation. You can also use a cotton ball dipped in antiseptic water placed over the infected tooth as it helps to stop infection to increase.

Dental Issues are very common nowadays due to unhealthy lifestyle and with poor oral hygiene. Proper health check of mouth is as important as attending any other diseases’. Do take care of your mouth in every aspect; don’t ignore minute to minute pain.

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Dr. Nitin Oswal
Dr. Nitin Oswal completed his B.D.S. from Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College & Hospital, Pune in 2003 & M.D.S. in the field of Oral & Maxillofacial surgery from Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College & Hospital, Pune ( Pune University) in 2008. He has a practice restricted to Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery and is a consultant at Sahyadri hospital, Inamdar hospital & Ranka hospital.
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